Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repositorio.ingemmet.gob.pe/handle/ingemmet/681
Amazonian magnetostratigraphy: Dating the first pulse of the Great American Faunal Interchange
Apr-2010
Journal of South American Earth Sciences, v. 29, n. 3, 2010
The chronostratigraphy of the youngest Neogene deposits of the Amazon Basin, which comprise the Madre de Dios Formation in eastern Peru, remains unresolved. Although 40Ar/39Ar dates on two volcanic ashes from this formation in Peru provide critical baseline data points, stratigraphic correlations among scattered riverine outcrops in adjacent drainage basins remain problematic. To refine the chronostratigraphy of the Madre de Dios Formation, we report here the magnetostratigraphy of an outcrop on the Madre de Dios River in southeastern Peru. A total of 18 polarity zones was obtained in the ~65-m-thick Cerro Colorado section, which we correlate to magnetozones Chrons C4Ar to C2An (9.5-3.0Ma) based on the prior 40Ar/39Ar dates. These results confirm the late Miocene age of a gomphothere recovered from the Ipururo Formation, which underlies the late Miocene Ucayali Unconformity at the base of the Cerro Colorado outcrop. The results also support earlier interpretations of a late Miocene age for other fossils of North American mammals recovered from basal conglomeratic deposits of the Madre de Dios Formation immediately above the Ucayali Unconformity. These mammals include other gomphotheres, peccaries, and tapirs, and their presence in South America in the late Miocene is recognized as part of the first pulse of the Great American Faunal Interchange.
Elsevier
Campbell, K. E.; Prothero, D. R.; Romero, L.; Hertel, F. & Rivera, N. (2010) - Amazonian magnetostratigraphy: Dating the first pulse of the Great American Faunal Interchange. Journal of South American Earth Sciences, 29(3): 619–626. Doi: 10.1016/j.jsames.2009.11.007
pp. 619-626
10.1016/j.jsames.2009.11.007

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