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Sedimentological analysis of tsunami deposits along the coast of Peru
International Lateinamerika-Kolloquium 2009 : abstracts and program, 2009
The Peru-Chile-Trench is one of the most active seismic areas in the world (Kulikov et al., 2005). The subduction of the Nasca Plate under the South American Plate causes earthquakes with magnitudes greater than 8 every 5 to 10 years. Consequently, the risk for destructive tsunami along the coast of Peru is very high. The greatest historical tsunami events in this region are the two Arica tsunami in 1604 and 1868 (Okal et al., 2006) and the Chile tsunami in 1960 (Cisternas et al., 2005). The most recent tsunami are the Chimbote tsunami in 1996 (Bourgeois et al., 1999) and the Camaná tsunami in 2001 (Jaffe et al., 2003). Additionally, in 2007, a magnitude 7.9 earthquake 150 kilometres SSE of Lima generated a tsunami with run up heights of 10 m along the southern Paracas Peninsula (Fritz et al., 2008). Despite a large increase in tsunami studies in the last years, there is still no complete tsunami facies model. Furthermore the hydrodynamical processes leading to deposition of sediment by a tsunami wave are still not well understood. We surveyed various locations along the 2400 km Peruvian coastline to locate deposits of recent and historical tsunami events. Deposits were studied in trenches and boreholes down to depths of 3 m. We separated the foraminifera content for identification and inference of water depths of sediment entrainment by the tsunami. The grain-size distributions of the sampled deposits were optically determined with a PartAn 2001 particle analyser. The grain-size data were used to re-model the flow depths, using the inverse tsunami model of Jaffe & Gelfenbaum (2007).
Universitätsverlag Göttingen
páginas 207-209.

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